The 20 Most Common Adjectives In German

Whether something is alt or neu, groß or klein, learning the most common adjectives in German will help you describe it. We’re here to get you started!
November 26, 2018
The 20 Most Common Adjectives In German

After studying German for a few months, you’ve finally made it to Germany for the first time. You’re doing great! You’ve made conversations with locals, ordered food and asked for directions pretty successfully. Then, suddenly, you run into a thing. Your vocab fails you and your frantic pantomime is not helping you communicate at all. Luckily, there’s one more resource for you: adjectives! Learning the most common adjectives in German can help you describe these…things with ease. Here’s a guide to help you get started as you learn German, along with examples of how to use the adjectives in a sentence!

1. Ganz – Whole

Examples:

Ich habe eine ganze Tafel Schokolade gegessen. – I ate a whole bar of chocolate.
Ich habe die ganze Nacht getanzt.
I danced all night.

2. Neu – New

Examples:

Lass uns auf das neue Jahr anstoßen! – Let’s raise our glasses to the new year!
Unser neuer Nachbar macht merkwürdige Geräusche. – Our new neighbor makes strange noises.

3. Anders — Different, other

Examples:

Ich habe keine andere Wahl. – I don’t have another choice.
Die andere Schokolade schmeckt viel besser. – The other chocolate tastes way better.

4. Groß – Big, tall

Examples:

Sie wohnen in einem sehr großen Haus. – They live in a very big house.
Meine große Schwester lebt in New York. – My big sister lives in New York.

5. Erste, -r, -s – First

Examples:

Mein erster Job war als Barista in einem Cafe. – My first job was as a barista in a coffee shop.
Liebling, wie war dein erster Arbeitstag? – My love, how was your first day at work?

6. Viel – Much, A lot

Examples:

Es gibt viel Arbeit zu tun. – There is a lot of work to do.
Viele Köche verderben den Brei. – Many cooks spoil the broth (lit. mush).

7. Deutsch – German

Examples:

Der Sänger singt deutsche Lieder. – The singer sings German songs.
Das ist ein deutsches Auto. – This is a German car.

8. Gut – Good

Examples:

Ich liebe gutes Essen. – I love good food.
Das ist ein gutes Buch. – This is a good book.

9. Weit – Far, wide

Examples:

Das weite Meer – The open/endless (lit. wide) sea
Die weite Straße war komplett leer. –
The wide street was completely empty.

10. Klein – Small

Examples:

Er hat kleine Füße. – He has small feet.
Meine kleine Schwester –
My little sister

11. Lang – Long

Examples:

Er wohnt in dieser langen Straße. – He lives on this long street.
Das ist der längste Wal der Welt. – This is the longest whale on earth.

12. Alt – Old

Examples:

Ich bin eine alte Frau. – I am an old woman.
Ich mag diesen alten Tisch sehr. – I love this old table very much.

13. Hoch – High, up, much

Examples:

Der hohe Kirchturm ist wunderschön. – The high church tower is beautiful.
Ich kann die hohe Miete nicht mehr bezahlen. – I can’t pay the high rent anymore.

14. Letzte, -r, -s – Last

Examples:

Der letzte Tag – The last day
Hatten Sie letzte Woche Urlaub? – Were you on vacation last week?

15. Eigen – Own

Examples:

Das ist mein erstes eigenes Auto. – This is the first car I owned (lit. my first own car).
Kümmere dich um deine eigenen Angelegenheiten! – Take care of your own business (lit. matters)!
Sie hat ihren ganz eigenen Willen. – She has her very own will.

16. Schön – Nice, beautiful

Examples:

Diese schönen Blumen sind für dich! – These beautiful flowers are for you!
Einen schönen Tag noch!
– Have a nice day!

17. Spät – Late

Examples:

Entschuldige die verspätete Antwort. – Sorry for the late answer.
Er kommt am späten Nachmittag an. – He will arrive in the late afternoon.

18. Wichtig – Important

Examples:

Heute Abend hatte Jana eine wichtige Verabredung. – Jana had an important date this evening.
Er möchte eine wichtige Ansage machen. – He wants to make an important announcement.

19. Weitere, -r, -s – Further, additional

Examples:

Weitere Karriere – Next stage of a career (lit. “further career”)
Weitere Informationen findet ihr unter dem Link. – You’ll find further information under the link.

20. Genau – Exact, precise

Examples:

Die genaue Adresse findest du in der E-Mail. – You will find the exact address in the email.
Kannst du mir die genaue Uhrzeit sagen? – Can you tell me the exact time?

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Author Headshot
Thomas Moore Devlin
Thomas grew up in suburban Massachusetts, and moved to New York City for college. He studied English literature and linguistics at New York University, but spent most of his time in college working for the student paper. Because of this, he has really hard opinions about AP Style. In his spare time, he enjoys reading and getting angry about things on Twitter. He's spent a lot of time trying to learn Spanish, and has learned a little German.
Thomas grew up in suburban Massachusetts, and moved to New York City for college. He studied English literature and linguistics at New York University, but spent most of his time in college working for the student paper. Because of this, he has really hard opinions about AP Style. In his spare time, he enjoys reading and getting angry about things on Twitter. He's spent a lot of time trying to learn Spanish, and has learned a little German.

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