British kids usually learn either French, Spanish or German at school. I loved learning German, so much so that I studied German through A-Level, entspricht etwa Abitur or “equivalent to high school”, and then later at university. I was finally able to read Schiller, Goethe and Brecht in their own words. So imagine my disappointment when I found the language actually spoken in Germany was somewhat familiar. Double Whopper mit leckerem Bacon und Cheddar Cheese, bitte! It’s what many refer to as Denglish.
At the same time, something was not quite right. I kind of knew what was meant with these “Denglish” words (Deutsch + English = Denglish). Yet their German equivalents seemed easier to understand. But why? It turns out such words are almost always pseudo-anglicisms, or Scheinanglizismen. Put simply: they are bad translations.
Here are a few examples of Denglish as used in the wilds of Germany — and why native English speakers might sometimes balk at these renditions.
- All Germans know Handy does not mean mobile phone in English (although fewer know that handy means praktisch).
- Did you know that if you ordered “country potatoes” to go with said Double Whopper in the UK, you would be met with a blank look? Because we call them potato wedges (Kartoffelecken).
- My jaw dropped (mir ist der Kiefer heruntergeklappt) when an English-speaking friend invited me to watch football at a “public viewing”, because I assumed someone had died and he had no shame (public viewing = die Ausstellung eines aufgebahrten Leichnams).
- At the airshow, do not declare your admiration for the aeroplane that just did a “looping” (it did a loop-the-loop).
- Neither should you ask the IT guy to set up the “beamer” for your PowerPoint presentation (ask for a projector).
- Avoid inviting your colleague to a “wellness” weekend (call it a spa weekend).
- English speakers may chuckle (kichern) at signs in Germany for the “drive-in” restaurant (our restaurants get driven through: drive-through restaurant).
- And they might feel rightly amused by people who claim to have worn a “smoking” to a glitzy event (smoking = das Rauchen; der Smoking = tux, tuxedo or dinner jacket).
- Kate Moss, I assure you, has never taken part in a “shooting,” or the police would probably have been involved (shooting = eine Schießerei); it is more likely she took part in a photo shoot.
- English speakers might well go to a gym, but they would never go to a “fitness studio.”
- Remember, if you ask a DJ at a wedding party to play some “evergreens,” he will either think you are talking about Christmas trees (evergreen = immergrüne Pflanze) or a naff (schlecht br. umgs.) song by Westlife. Try asking for some golden oldies instead.
- On the subject of oldies: don’t ask to take the oldtimer for a spin (durch die Gegend fahren) because in English, an old-timer means alter Hase. He would probably object. You might, however, suggest taking the classic, vintage or heritage car for a drive.
But do not suppose that only Germans make the faux-pas of borrowing words incorrectly. We Brits and our American cousins will try ordering a “Stein” of beer at the Oktoberfest (when we mean Maßkrug) or a glass of “Hock” if we would like a glass of wine from Hochheim am Main. You might even hear the air force talking about “strafing” the enemy (when they mean aus der Luft unter Beschuss nehmen). So it’s all swings and roundabouts.