French grammar

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French Grammar

French is one of the world's most popular languages as it is spoken by hundreds of millions of people. It is an official language in 29 countries, and French is spoken by many citizens in France, Canada, Belgium, Switzerland and Luxembourg. In Europe, more people speak French than any language other than English. Many people also communicate in French in the United Kingdom and the United States. The influence of the French language is strongest in these respective countries near France and Quebec. It is also spoken by many in Louisiana.

Similarities between English and French Grammar

Fortunately for those fluent in English who are learning French, the languages share many grammatical features. English has historically been influenced by French; this dates to the 11th century and the Norman conquest of England as French words started entering the English language at this time. Several words that are usually easily understood by those fluent in English include demander (ask), ignorer (to not know) and librairie (bookstore).

Those who initially learn French are pleased when they discover that the French alphabet is very similar to the English one. In addition to the 26 English letters, accented letters are used in French grammar; these include é, è, à, ù, ç, â, ê, î, ô, û, ë, ï and ü. These letters use an acute accent, grave accent, cedilla, circumflex and diaeresis, respectively.

French grammar is also relatively easy to learn for English speakers due to both languages possessing a general format of a subject followed by a verb before finishing with an object. For example, "Je vais à la banque," is translated into English as "I am going to the bank."

Differences between French and English Grammar

One major difference between the languages that those who learn French may struggle with is the assigning of masculine or feminine forms to words. Unfortunately, there is no simple way to know which words are masculine and which are feminine. Even more confusing is the fact that the exact same word could have a very different meaning depending on the gender of the article used with it. For example, "le mari" means "husband," while "la mari" is "marijuana."

Capitalized words are also used much less often in the French language. Examples include je (I), mardi (Tuesday), janvier (January), l’anglais (English) and chrétien (Christian). Contractions are also used much more often in the French language, and they are required in all instances. In English, "do not" and "don't" have the same meaning. However, "d'accord" means "okay." There is no other way to write that particular French word or others that use contractions.


We at Babbel are proud to present an affordable, effective way for you to learn French. Throughout our fun program, you will learn exactly how French grammar works, the definitions of different words and the differences between the spoken and the written word. One of the things that those using Babbel get to do is listen to words, phrases and sentences spoken while seeing exactly how those words are written. Our exercises provide students with opportunities to practice reading, writing and speaking this language.

Our ad-free interface allows you to learn with few distractions. Students also get to enjoy working at their own pace, which is nice for those who tend to learn languages at either a faster or a slower pace than the average student. Our iOS, Android and Windows 8 apps allow you to conveniently learn French while on the go. These apps provide opportunities to learn about 2,500 French words, study vocabulary and practice speaking with our integrated speech recognition. All of these helpful tools ensure that Babbel is the effective alternative for those who want to learn French.

French Grammar