One of the most widely spoken Slavic languages that ranks 29th in the list of most spoken languages in the world is Polish, the official language of Poland. Spoken by over 50 million people across the world, Polish is part of the West-Slavic group of Indo-European languages. This language shares many similarities with most other languages of the group such as Kashubian or Slovak. Apart from Poland, it is also spoken as a second language in other countries such as Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and some parts of Russia. Post World War II in 1945, many migrants resettled in these countries through the Jalta agreement, which made this language popular in these countries.
Polish shares Latin vocabulary and grammar like other Indo-European languages. It contains 3 genders (masculine, feminine and neuter), 3 tenses (past, present and future) and 2 numbers (singular and plural). Unlike English, there are no articles in this language. With 7 distinct cases, it defines the usage of nouns in a sentence. These are perhaps the most difficult elements to learn, as each of the case determines a different ending for singular and plural separately. The forms of verbs in Polish depend on the person, gender and number being used in a sentence. To indicate whether an action is finished or not, prefixes and suffixes are added to a verb, which alters the meaning accordingly. Another point of difference between English and Polish is that Polish uses words to express punctuation marks. In fact, it is probably the only language in the world to write a comma as ‘kurwa’. Moreover, Polish has two nasal vowels; The six oral vowels and vowel diphthongs inherent to the English language do not exist in Polish. Polish features an increased use of special characters and is considered phonetically rich.
Other notable differences between the two languages include:
To learn Polish is perhaps one of the most challenging tasks. Given its level of difficulty, there are now many ways to learn to write and speak Polish, and one can master it with determination and a lot of hard work.
A few ways to learn to write and speak Polish are:
Babbel is another new and innovative way to learn this language. It is a fee-based online program that can help you learn Polish by way of audio-video lessons, fun and interesting exercises, and mobile apps. It gives you access to high quality content, along with combining visual learning with sound educational methodology and social networking interactivity. The aim is to provide you with a platform to learn Polish at your desired pace with interactive tools that also help you in learning how to speak Polish, making the learning process smooth and effective.