The Polish grammar is similar to its cousin Slavic languages, such as Russian. The rules of the sentences are that there are no articles before nouns. Grammatical case is directly related to the noun of the sentence and pronouns might include men and women together, depending on which pronoun is used. A person determined to learn Polish is wise to keep a Polish grammar outline or book at hand to decipher and later build sentences correctly.
Nouns and adverbs do not have genders, however, other parts of speech will have a gender assignment. For this reason, one word could have up to five different versions, depending on the sentence. The five categories of gender are masculine, feminine, neutral, masculine person plural and other plural. The masculine plural is always used in mixed gender crowds.
Numbers in the Polish language need to agree with the noun to which they are attached. This means that if the noun is of masculine origin, the number needs to also be masculine. For example, one horse becomes jeden kon (masculine) while one cow becomes jedna krowa (feminine). A Polish speaker will change the numbers to reflect their region of Poland. Dialect makes a large difference in spoken Polish grammar.
Differences Between English and Polish
The biggest difference between the English and Polish languages is the sentence number and gender. If an English speaker looks at a Polish sentence, confusion could happen over the way certain words will change to match number to gender. The word will mean the same but be spelled very differently. A perfect example of this is the sentence, Czterej chłopcy się bawili. Directly translated, this means “Three boys were playing”, where the word “czterej” means three. The literal translation for “three” is “trzy”. “Czterej” is the changed word “three” to agree with the masculine “chłopcy”.
This gets quite confusing for anyone who is trying to learn Polish, but it should never scare anyone away. Anyone frustrated with Polish grammar needs only to read a few books written in Polish for young children. Everyone learning a new language needs to start at the beginning, and once basic vocabulary is memorized, an elementary level of grammar should logically come next.
Learn Polish grammar with Babbel
If you are determined to learn Polish, Babbel really is the best way to go about it. The website understands that you need to concentrate on the language and that learning a new language can be very difficult. We have set up our website with no ads at all to avoid interruption or distraction while you learn Polish. You get to learn at your own pace because no one pushes you through the lessons. You get some fun, interactive activities to learn vocabulary, listening and writing as well as our very own social network. You can also use our full featured apps for iPhone, iPad or Android, or any of our vocabulary trainer apps on your Windows 8 smartphone; so you can also learn on the go! There is no better way to learn Polish than the Babbel way, because we at Babbel understand that learning a new language needs to be fun and inspiring, not forced and boring.
Don’t be shy about your new venture to learn Polish. No matter what your reason for wanting to know this majestic, amazing language, you will find your time at Babbel to be worth every single minute. Just bear in mind that while Polish has very similar grammatical rules as the English language, it does include elements of gender relations which are unfamiliar to the English tongue. There are also a number of different pronunciations and new letters to learn, but again, if you approach this task the Babbel way with fun and excitement, you’ll be speaking Polish in your own personal due time.